Dr. Paul Ortiz
“The relationship between Mrs. McCollum and Dr. Adams was sexual exploitation and abuse. He was raping her and forced her to have a child.”
"African American insurance companies were critical in their communities. Afro American Life. North Carolina Mutual. It was hard to get insurance from white owned companies. The prices were high. They’d go to African American companies where the agents were like Porters and part of a larger network nationwide, which could pass info along to others."
"African Americans would supplement their policies with membership in a secret society. Those lodges paid out a death benefit or widow benefit. The domestics and farm workers were not eligible for social security.”
"The Pittsburgh Courier was widely read in the South. It was a very credible source of information for African Americans. Writers, like Zora Neale Hurston were seen as crusaders. Some local postal carriers would refuse to deliver the paper. Subscribers could get in trouble with local authorities. The papers were delivered secretly. That’s how dangerous that newspaper was.”
“Pullman porters are critical to the civil rights movement and the survival of the African American community. Jacksonville had a strong chapter of the labor unions and if you were a member, you had connections to other communities nationally and were able to spread the word.”